Matthew in the New Testament
The Gospel of St. Matthew of the New Testament Bible contains some of Jesus most famous phrases. These religious phrases have been incorporated not only into contemporary theology but also the common speech and frames of reference, even for nonbelievers, because of their power to represent compelling philosophical ideas. Even though nonviolence or civil disobedience would not have been comprehensible concepts to Jesus contemporaries, advocates as diverse as Gandhi and Martin Luther King, Jr. later extrapolated these principles from Matthews text.
In the sermon, however, Jesus counsels humble behavior but stresses the need to have a strong internal belief structure of resistance to go with passive resistance. He inveighs his listeners in 7:6, not to give pearls to swine, that is, not to fruitlessly preach against those who will not listen.
In the same book he talks of the narrowness of the gate of heaven, and of the difficulty of judging others, lest one be judged ones self — hence the need for humility. In other words, in an imperfect world, one must not be overly critical of the faults of others, particularly the small faults — because probably one possesses these small faults within ones own soul. Instead, fight the larger war but with the right tools of nonviolent resistance.
In a moment of anger, it is easy to snap at a loved one, or simply someone one thinks is a poor driver, while one is hurrying home from.